Interestingly, this kind of jo appears to be a concrete count noun without a plural form (JOS is not accepted by any of the three major Scrabble dictionaries). Maybe it's a lonely instance of the vocative in English.
The title of the novel is borrowed from the song ``The Battle Hymn of the Republic.'' (``Oh mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord. / He is tramping out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored. / He has loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword. / His truth is marching on.'' These are not the lyrics exactly as Julia Ward Howe wrote them, but as I have always heard them.) The lyrics allude to Rev. 14:19, which mentions a ``great winepress of the wrath of God'' (in the KJV) that yielded blood (Rev. 14:20). There are plenty of other Biblical allusions, and the name Joad sounds somewhat Biblical too, echoing Joab, Moab, Job, Joed, and a very large number of personal and place names ending in -ad.
I got a job by accident.
When we were graduate students in physics, and we observed as each student in turn disappeared beyond the event horizon of the final public oral (FPO), to be torn apart by the tidal forces of the job-market black hole, one of the few triangulation points we learned was the following datum:
Even I get tired of teeteringly extended metaphors, and I hadn't even discussed lasing. It is probably fair to note that early research on job offer statistics is implied in the classic research of Saint Matthew (Matthew Principle) However, I first learned about quantum job-offer statistics from Steve, a student of Arthur S. Wightman, so it may be that the principle has now been placed on a rigorous axiomatic field-theory foundation.
New research suggests that MOTAS statistics are also bosonic. For more detail on job stats, try following the link at the BLS entry.
Although they're not pronounced identically, it seems appropriate that the Biblical Job and the quotidian job should have the same spelling. Both are associated with great suffering. Incidentally, the English word job has been borrowed into German as a masculine noun. This loan is reputed to have a German pronunciation simmilar to the English (something like what would be spelled ``jawp''). But it's a very common word, and without researching the matter, I suspect that as usual its pronunciation will go a bit native and start to resemble that of the name of the Biblical character (also spelled Job or almost equivalently Hiob).
Note that normally, Jo. abbreviates Joel and some other names, and John is abbreviated Jno.. I've also seen JBap used, by HJ people who think nothing of posting ten-thousand-word messages every couple of days for months on end, all under the subject head ``Historical method.''
I'm goin' down to shoot my ol' lady, you know I caught'er messin'roun' with another man.
The preceding information, but not the crucially important attitude component, was cribbed from the JOHNNIAC entry at Wikipaedia, the free encyclopaedia, with an extra vowel because this is SBFary, the free glossary.
According to the Giant Computers file, this computer contained about 3000 tubes, no crystals, and about 200 relays, and occupied 250 square feet. It was used for scientific calculations for general research.
Never mind the bollocks.
JR got back together with the rest of the Sex Pistols for a recording session or concert or something, in 1997, so he could insult them and give a filip to his sagging solo career.
When Gary and Susan married in Scottsdale, one of my tasks, as a local, was to taxi some of the out-of-town guests, including Gary's sister. Sitting in the back seat, she asked about the frilly black garter on the floor of my car. I had to explain about how a famed composer of liturgical music, David A. Johnson, had passed away not long before, and how, as a direct and unavoidable consequence of the Law of Unintended Consequences, a letter of condolence had arrived at CSSER, where another David A. Johnson was an ASU graduate student in EE. It was decided to celebrate David's passing with a memorial quaff at a nearby bar, within walking distance of EE for the badly decomposed body himself. Seeking to show the proper respect, I called a few funeral homes for information, but they all said it was an east coast thing, or an Italian thing, and they had no idea where I could get a black armband, so I went out and bought a black garter as the next-best thing.
Then Gary's sister asked me about the castanets.
One of the problems with having a popular name like David Johnson, in addition to people mistaking you for another David Johnson, is people mistaking you for another David Johnson when it's really you. This happened to Orioles manager Davey Johnson, who on the same day at the end of the 1997 season (a) was fired from his job and (b) won the American League Manager-of-the-Year honors. It was the same guy, but the team owner obviously thought that the Davey Johnson who did such a good job was a different Davey Johnson than the one he was firing. I guess. Perhaps owner Angelos was confused because the same Davey Johnson had managed teams in both American and National Leagues (none of which had ever finished lower than second place). Perhaps Mr. Angelos was confused because Davey Johnson had managed the team to a second-place finish the previous year, but this year the team was in first place from the first day of the season to the last. Perhaps Mr. Angelos was just confused.
Maybe Davey Johnson can pretend to be the different DJ who won the award and get his old job back as a new DJ. Reminds me of the new Richard Nixon.
There ought to be some way to take advantage of this kind of thing.
Legally, I mean.
For the moment, most of our substantive information about Jón Gnarr is at Farting People, The.
No one likes a snitch. His own brothers wouldn't even talk to him (37:3). God spake directly to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Joseph? Let him interpret dreams.
The Septuagint (LXX) translates the term with chiton polikilon, `many-colored coat.' But the Septuagint translation came many centuries after the text of Genesis was first composed (the Hebrew continued evolving, though), and it appears that `many-colored' was a guess. (Most of the relevant Genesis chapter, 37, appears to have been written by the J author. In fact, the sentence that introduces the famous garment calls Joseph's father ``Israel,'' and that is generally regarded as a reliable indication that the author was J. However, the other two contexts of k'tonet passim in this chapter are E, so the clause with this phrase is considered E. Textual criticism, ugh.)
Another traditional interpretation is that passim here means `with sleeves,' and that is the translation favored by, for example, the revised standard version (``robe with sleeves''). Yick. No one ever seems to mention that -im is a plural ending, and for `sleeves' one might expect the dual ending -ayim. I mean, to the extent that the -ayim is possible or probable, its absence counts as weight in the balance against the sleeve interpretation. (Ah say, ah say gimme that ollllllld time relijun! The KJV, in His Own English, says ``coat of many colors.'' Yea and Amen!)
For a word like passim, it's natural to seek occurrences elsewhere in the Bible. In addition to the three occurrences in the Joseph story (ch. 37, vss. 3, 23, 32), k'tonet passim occurs in II Sam. 23:18, where it describes a garment worn by the daughters of kings.
That's the uncertain state of affairs as it stood, in limbo for a couple of millennia. In the twentieth century, there was some new old information. Among cuneiform inventories (written in Akkadian, another Semitic language), one kind of clothing listed is kitu pishannu and kiutinnu pishannu [details in JNES vol. 8, p. 177 (1949)]. These were ceremonial robes for draping over the statues of goddesses, and pishannu apparently denoted gold appliqué ornaments. (The ornaments were sewn on; they would come undone and require resewing, at which time they would appear in the inventories.)
I'm not sure how firm this Akkadian stuff is, but it's good enough for me. Anyway, you can see that title ``Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat,'' for a musical by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice, takes no unusual liberties in translation.
The correct position is to write the truth, to write what one feels regardless of any public consideration or any clique. I think an artist never takes a position either through expedience or umbrage. Artists detest and suspect positions because you know that the minute you take a fixed position you are something else--you are a journalist or you are a politician.
The following bit of doggerel, written about him during his early years as a lecturer, expresses something of his personality and the pronunciation of his name:
First Come I
My name is Jowett;
It is not knowledge
If I don't know it.
Another instance of poetry used to elucidate the pronunciation of an English name is given at the Pepys entry. The poems convey the pronunciation information in rhyme as well as meter. Of course, many kinds of poetry do not use rhyme. That is particularly true of poetry in Ancient Greek (which will become relevant to this entry later) and in Latin (whose most prestigious poetic forms were adapted from Greek). As Dante wrote in Vita nuova, in his day (around 1300), the ``poet'' word was reserved for writers of Latin verse, and the rest were mere ``rimatori.'' Japanese poetry also doesn't make much use of rhyme. (Frankly, with mostly synthetic verb conjugation and with a verb-last syntax, rhyme might get pretty boring and even silly, though it seems to work in German despite the V2 structure.) So haiku is based on syllable counts. For an instance of pronunciation clarified by haiku, see the homogeneous entry.
When WNDU-TV's first transmission tower was completed in June 1955, its blinking red beacon was installed eighteen inches below the apex rather than at top, as is normal. You might think that this displacement would have endangered any barnstorming pilots coming in to land (VFR) at South Bend Regional, but not to worry: at the top was ``a gilded statue of Mary, mother [an avatar, as I understand it] of God,'' according to WNDU, which goes on to point out that
The simplicity of the sculpture is overwhelming.Frankly, if the closest most people will get to see it is 570 feet (the height of the original broadcast tower) minus eye height, why spend money making a complex speculative likeness?
Maybe it is the simplicity of the faithful that is overwhelming. In 1415, as the friar Jan Hus (`John Huss' in English) was being burned alive at the stake, he remarked, or quipped (with great presence of mind, IMO):
O sancta simplicitas![`Oh Holy Simplicity!'] This was apparently a reference to a peasant adding a faggot to stoke the fire. It was also presumably an allusion to a comment of Saint Jerome -- Veneratoni mihi semper fuit non verbosa rusticas sed sancta simplicitas. [`I have always revered not crude verbosity but holy simplicity.'] Then again, maybe he was misheard and actually said ``Oh Holy Shit!''
That hasn't aught to do with this entry, I guess, except that the tower functions as a lightning arrestor, so the statue is scarred up some after fifty years. What does have to do with this entry is that in June 1955, Father Edmund P. Joyce demonstrated his athleticism by climbing to the top of the 570-foot tower and blessing the statue. Just how close did he have to get? Couldn't he bless it from the ground? In 1970, the statue was lifted to the top of WNDU's new 1000-foot tower, but it wasn't necessary to rebless it because it had already been blessed fifteen years earlier. Why didn't they think ahead in 1955 and first put it at the top of a two-foot tower so that it could be blessed at a convenient height? Then they could transfer it to the new (570-foot) tower with no need for a rebless climb (just as it wasn't needed in 1970). These clerical types just aren't practical.
Father Edmund Joyce, C.S.C., died in Spring 2004.
In a press release dated November 23, 2005, the University of Notre Dame announced that it had reached an agreement with Gray Television, Inc., under which Gray acquires all of the capital stock of Michiana Telecasting Corporation, the university-owned company that operates WNDU-TV, for $85 million in cash, most of which will be invested in the university's endowment. Student internships at WNDU-TV will continue. The agreement is subject to certain conditions and regulatory approval, and is expected to be completed before June 30, 2006. According to the press release, WNDU-TV ``is the NBC affiliate serving the South Bend-Elkhart, Ind., television market, the nation's 87th largest Designated Market Area (DMA).''
Eighty-seventh largest DMA out of roughly two hundred? A four-syllable rank? This is humiliating. No wonder all our local stations are in UHF Siberia (WNDU is channel 16, WNIT is 34, WSBT is 22; there's at least one other). Gray previously announced its acquisition of WSAZ-TV, the NBC affiliate serving Charlestown-Huntington, W.Va. Where?
Gray Television, headquartered in Atlanta, will own 35 stations when the WNDU and WSAZ acquisitions are complete, reaching approximately 6 percent of total U.S. TV households. This is not making me feel better. Of these 35, 16 are CBS affiliates, 10 are NBC affiliates, and 7 are ABC affiliates. Twenty-five of the stations ranked No. 1 in local news audience, and 24 are No. 1 in overall audience within their respective markets. Is this impressive? Why sure: the 35 stations serve only 30 TV markets, so at most 30 could be first. I don't know if any more than six of these markets are served by a No. 2 TV station.
(Year-1984) uP speed = 2 MIPS
While RISC processors are following this trend, the essentially CISC personal computer uP's have been scaling more slowly. Cf. Moore's Law and Rent's Rule.
Bill Joy is a co-founder of Sun Microsystems, Inc.. In addition to this ``Joy's Law,'' he has other, noneponymous laws, such as ``The smartest people in every field are never in your own company.'' I bet this makes him real popular with his own employees. To compensate, they hold regular Gates-hates (not their official or even unofficial name, but accurate). You could see this sort of thing evolving into those Goldstein scream things in 1984. Which reminds me of the famous advertisement that Apple Computer used.
International telephone access number 81.
Impress your non-Japanese friends with authentic-sounding Japanese profound gibberish!
Here's the Japanese page of an X.500 directory.
The hierarchical structure of domains under the .jp nTLD is described under JPNIC. Appart from <google.jp>, an important Japanese search engine is NAVER.
I can see in principle how Jove could be what is called jovial. If I were the Olympian top dog, or pot god, or some other permutation, I imagine that I could find my way to a permanent high. But his reported activities suggest that like JPO, Jove is basically about target acquisition and force projection. All you hear is thundrous lightning thrown and nymphs raped by Jove. And when a mere man calls his wife a ``goddess'' (not even a ``domestic goddess'' or a genia loci), rightly suspicious sister Juno is decidedly not the kind of babe he has in mind. ``Saturnine,'' on the other hand -- that I can see.
They publish JJAP, JPSJ, and PTP.
It must have been a long time ago that I wrote the first paragraph of this entry. At the University of Notre Dame (in Saint Joseph County, Indiana), JPW stands for Junior Parents' Weekend. It sounds a bit like it's promoting teenage pregnancy, but it's actually a juniors' parents weekend: a weekend when the parents of juniors enrolled in the university come to visit their kids and see what their $30,000 or so a year is buying. I'm not sure how they pick the weekend. In 2008 it was the second weekend after Ash Wednesday (Feb. 16-17), so secular considerations may intrude.
This annual ritual was instituted in 1952 by then-president Father Theodore Hesburgh. (For more about names ending in -burgh, see the Pgh entry.) Father Hesburgh (``Father'' is not his first name, so this isn't an instance of nomen est omen) felt that ``parents should become more involved in their students' lives at Notre Dame before the following year's graduation ceremony,'' according to an article in the student newspaper in 2008, when about 1750 parents were expected for JPW.
A quick bit of googling suggests that Harvard is the only other school with a Junior Parents' Weekend. Harvard is a more demanding school, though: they also have a Freshman Parents' Weekend. Saint Mary's College, which neighbors Notre Dame, has a Sophomore Parents' Weekend on the same weekend that Notre Dame has its JPW. Entirely by coincidence (surely they wouldn't do it as a deliberate provocation!?) the students who do a local performance of ``The Vagina Chronicles'' have a performance on Sunday during the parents' weekend.
Saint Mary's College also holds an annual event for seventh-grade girls from the local area (Michiana) to, of all things, ``celebrate [the] accomplishments of Saint Mary's students in math.'' They were expecting 90 students on Saturday, February 23, 2008. (I didn't follow up to check how many actually showed up, okay?) This (2008) is the 18th year they hold the event, and it's also the first year that I've heard of it. Of that I am pretty sure, because a Catholic school celebrating a ``Hypatia Day'' (that's what the event is called) is immediately arresting and memorable.
Hypatia of Alexandria had other distinctions besides being ``the first female mathematician'' (whose name we know) and a leading Platonist philosopher. During the patriarchate of Cyril of Alexandria, a (nonheretical!) Christian mob kidnapped her to a church, where she was stripped, flayed to death with tiles, and dismembered. It's not clear what role Cyril played in this episode, but it was the same Cyril who some time earlier had led mobs in the destruction of the Alexandrian synagogues and the expulsion of the Jews. I'm sorry, that's Saint Cyril.
Anyway, for SMC to hold a Hypatia Day displays about as much chutzpah as would Notre Dame University holding a day to honor Giordano Bruno or Jan Hus or the Albigensians or Galileo Galilei, although the last was not murdered. He was even rehabilitated in a sort of mini-de-Stalinization event a few years back. I guess I can see where this is leading. When ND holds its first Galileo Astronomy Day, I'll try to mention it here.
As you've probably guessed, I win a prize this month if I add enough stuff to the neglected J section of this glossary. For more on paper dispensers, see the TP entry. Also, see the image of JR's toilet paper on exhibit at the VTPM.
I read The Hobbit, and Uncle Charlie and Aunt Mary gave me a copy of The Silmarillion for my birthday that I recall enjoying, but my interest flagged about halfway through LOTR. I prefer his nonfiction. In LOTR, I really felt that he broke faith with the reader when Gandalf the Grey came back as Gandalf the White. Oh, you hadn't read it yet -- you didn't wanna know. Tough. You shouldn't have been surfing into spoiler danger, then. Here, go surf this tribute. Here's a helpful timeline. There's an Electronic Tolkien Encyclopedia Project (ETEP). The Tolkien Usenet newsgroups generated an faq and a LessFAQ (less frequently ...), no longer maintained (since perhaps 1996), and Steuard Jensen has created a supplement. See his Meta-FAQ.
``Work submitted for publication must contain original scientific work which has not been published previously. However, work which has appeared in print in the form of an abstract or as a published lecture, report, or thesis is normally acceptable.''
``The manuscript may be written in either Arabic or English. An abstract in Arabic or English must accompany the submitted papers. Furthermore, a complete abstract in the language other than that of the manuscript must be included.''
Two issues per annum ``(temporary).'' (Temporary since 1996, at least.)
It's not stated whether being a member of the SCS, or of some other group, has any effect on the likelihood of your paper being accepted.
There will be a dramatic increase in the number of people quoting chapter and verse, when they get to choose the wording.
The JTI pages have prominent links to the Singapore-based WTO but not to the upstart Seoul-based WTA.
The term is not applied to the first show or the pilot: there is an underlying assumption that every show has achieved some sort of level from which it can decline. It is fashionable to pretend that each show has only one JTS moment, but the reality is that if a show declines only as fast as standards generally, there is nothing to prevent it from gaining a new loyal following during its post-JTS decline. These fans will eventually find their own JTS moment, and so on.
The term was coined in reference to the episode of Happy Days in which the Fonz went water-skiing in California and jumped a shark.
Jwa jwa is also seen, but rarely. The letter w is principally for foreign loans. (We're not talkin' FIM here.)
Okay look, if you don't find this intuitive, here's what to think of: comedies of the silent era. No canned laughter, of course, but after someone was humiliated for the amusement of everyone else (not a rare occurrence), a lone horn would intone hwa-hwa-hwaaa on a descending scale.
Locally, the name comes from meandering Juday Creek, north of the University of Notre Dame. It's not clear how that name in turn arose. An 1863 map labels it Sheffield Creek, and in the late 1880's it was referred to as ``The State Ditch.'' I kid you not..
Not mentioned there, because it's hard to state precisely and with certainty some way in which his name turned out to be unusually appropriate, is John Minor Wisdom. He's mentioned in the black Republicans footnotes. I guess from the text quoted there that Judge Wisdom was known by his last two names (Minor Justice), as Judge Learned Hand was.
The following is from the chapter entitled ``Judicial Levity'' in Arthur Train's nonfiction My Day In Court (New York and London: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1939), p. 61.
Even the names of the defendants and other trial participants sometimes had a humorous aspect.
I had a case in the Supreme Court Criminal Trial Term before the present Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals, Cuthbert W. Pound, which no doubt he remembers. The defendant's name was Schornstein (chimney), that of his counsel, Firestone, my own, Train (also suggestive of smoke and cinders), while the judge and clerk rejoiced respectively in those of Pound and Penny.
What a knee-slapper, oh boy!
The next album, The Great Milenko, included a rap entitled ``What is a Juggalo?'' that doesn't answer the title question in any essential way. As the term is used by ICP fans, a Juggalo is an ICP fan. (Unless he is an ICP member who isn't a fan. I don't know if this second category is, or is conceived to be, nonempty yet. Positive enthusiasm isn't very cool, you know, if you're a Juggalo.) A Juggalette (or Lette) is a female ICP fan, and the term Juggalo is typically used in the complementary sense of a male ICP fan. Juggalettes can be enthusiastic about ICP and some other groups (but not eminem!) and not suffer any coolness deficit. (Juggalos should say that they really like ICP, but that they don't consider themselves Juggalos.) To signal their coolness and belonging, Juggalos and Juggalettes can use expressions like ``down wit' de clown'' (DWTC) and MCL, and buy ICP merchandise. No secret decoder rings yet, though they could come in handy.
Los and Lettes are unexceptional young white people (``caucasions'') who are often bored and who think of themselves as nonconformist. They make careers as associates in the retail service profession. They like 2 party! Have fun! They used to wear clown make-up occasionally. There's probably a white-face angle in this somewhere, but I don't give a %^*##@!!, and that's cool. F off. Peace.
There's a large Ukrainian community around southern Ontario, extending into the Detroit and Buffalo areas. I don't know how my homies in ICP happened to chose the name Milenko (probably for scansion, dontchathink?), but ICP is Detroit-based. Milenko sounds like a Ukrainian surname (a large fraction of Ukrainian surnames end in -ko). And Mihalenko (also Mihailenko or Mihajlenko) is a moderately common Ukrainian surname. But it turns out that Milenko is mostly a south Slav (Slovenia to Macedonia) man's given name. I figured I ought to explain that.
Veronica is another gopher-space search engine! Archie searches anonymous ftp servers (by filename or file pathname only)! The other major teen characters in the Archie comic book series (Reggie and Betty) don't seem to have any engines named after them! Gopher servers and gopher-protocol support are disappearing fast!
Cram school makes a lot of Japanese kids miserable, and somebody has to take the blame. Hence kyoiku-mama.
In response to sudden sensory input, abnormal reaction occurred. For example, if one of them was abruptly asked to strike another, he would do so without hesitation, even if it was his mother and he had an ax in his hand. If given a short, sudden, quick command, the affected person would respond with the appropriate action, often echoing the words of command. Some, when addressed quickly in a language foreign to them, would echo the phrase.
Beard found it among French-Canadian lumberjacks in the Moosehead Lake area of Maine. Many of the lumbermen had origins in the Beauce region of Quebec, and the syndrome has been documented there and also reported in five offspring of a French-Canadian fishing guide in Wedgport, Nova Scotia. In some cases, there was a family history of the syndrome. All this suggests that the condition is hereditary, but does not exclude a necessary environmental trigger. A 1986 study (see the OMIM article for reference) concluded that the cases they studied were related to the specific conditions in lumber camps in the 19th and early 20th centuries. They also concluded that `jumping' is not a neurologic disease but rather can be explained in psychologic terms as operant conditioning.
Georges Gilles de la Tourette translated Beard's 1880 article on the syndrome, and this may have stimulated him to study certain patients making peculiar sounds and movements. This research led him to describe the disorder that soon bore his name (see GTS).
The only time that anyone can recall George Washington jumping up and/or down in excitement was when he received word of French ship arrivals around Yorktown, which meant that he had Lord Cornwallis completely surrounded. Cornwallis's subsequent surrender marked the end of the military action in the Revolutionary War.
Cf. ROx, dielectric isolation, LOCOS. One striking difference between junction isolation and dielectric isolation is that within the same technology, JI'd pnp transistors have much lower fT values than npn transistors, whereas dielectric isolation tends to give comparable fT values.
An early form of JI is (or better ``was'') CDI.
See also the nomen-est-omen item on Samuel Johnson, Jr.
When others write ``just desserts,'' you should ridicule their ignorance mercilessly. Draw it out. Ponder at length whether there are meals that are postprandial repasts, entire of themselves (just desserts), or if all deserts are by their nature part of the meal they, conclude. Then run away.
Taylor's `Just Desserts' specializes in New Hampshire maple-syrup products.
I read the following interesting advice in Some of my best friends are writers, but I wouldn't want my daughter to marry one! by Robert Turner (Los Angeles: Sherbourne Pr., 1970). It's in the chapter on getting past initial writer's block -- attacking page 1:
One other warning. The subconscious is a slippery, sneaky little devil, too. At times, it will try to dodge all your attempts to nudge it into motion by conning you that you are too sick, too hung over, too depressed, too tired to try to write. And that if you do write, it will be appallingly bad, not up to your usual standards; so, forget it. You may even attempt to do a few pages, then read back over them and decide that it is true. What you have just written is sheer tripe, so what's the use of going on?
Ordinarily, this will just not be true. Forget it. Write anyhow. Unless you are practically a hospital case or have the shakes so bad that you can't hit the right typewriter keys, what you write under these conditions will probably not be any worse than at any other time. It will just seem that way. If you will just persevere, sometime later, when you reread it, you will realize the truth.
Stephanie Wilder apparently burned out as an English teacher in juvie and took a job recruiting deep-foundations and geotechnical professionals. In Foundation Drilling (see ADCS) she wrote that she had found frustrating similarities. One is that both juvenile delinquents and geo industry professionals are tight-lipped and suspicious of outsiders. Another is that in both the juvenile justice system and the deep foundations industries, personnel are often needed in a hurry, but when an appropriate candidate is available the hiring decision often takes too long.
JWI is the official journal of the AAWR and has an association with SAWI (qq.v.). It would seem to make more sense the other way around.
The original Wagner-O'Day act ``Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act'' is the popular name of an act that became law on June 25, 1938. ``In 1971, under the leadership of Senator Jacob Javits, Congress amended this Act (41 U.S.C. 46-48c) to include people with severe disabilities and allow the Program to also provide services to the Federal Government.'' (According to 41 U.S.C. 46 nt., it may be cited as the ``Javits-Wagner-O'Day Act.'')
With various collaborators, he invented relatively lightweight and self-contained apparatus for breathing underwater (scuba). Almost as important, they invented good watertight goggles and underwater camera housings, and JYC became world-famous with films and books about his explorations. I still remember watching this stuff on TV as a kid. His ship was called the Calypso; whether for the Greek legend or the Caribbean music, I don't remember. He died on June 25, 1997, at the age of 87, and you can find more information about him in obituaries from then, like this reverent one still up at the IANTD website.
A detail about capitalization. The pronunciation of JYC as an acronym is mentioned in various French-language articles I can pull up from the 1990's -- mostly obituaries. For example, the AFP announcement commented en passant, ``JYC, comme tous ses amis l'appelaient....'' The 26 articles that mentioned the nickname generally wrote it in all-caps, with the single exception of one article with ``Jyc'' in Le Figaro (out of four). But here's some really big news: as of 2004, French-language articles in Lexis-Nexis finally use accented characters!
Cf. J-2 visa.
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