- Stibium. Latin name of
the chemical element antimony. Sb is the official systematic chemical symbol
for antimony, and in fact the only common one.
The Roberts & Etherington Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology for Bookbinding and the
Conservation of Books
antimony is black in its amorphous form, and has been used in this form since
the late seventeenth century to
edges of book pages. Trust me, no elemental metal is widely available in
amorphous form. It's finely divided (powder in suspension), and most metals
look black if divided finely enough.
The atomic number of antimony is 51. Learn more at its
entry in WebElements and its entry
- Sammelbuch. Full title Sammelbuch griechischer Urkunden
aus Ägypten. `Collection of Greek
documents from Egypt.' Has appeared at regular
intervals since 1913.
- Santa Barbara. One of the spiritual microclimates in the California state
- Schottky Barrier. A junction between metal and lightly doped
semiconductor, exhibits diode behavior. (Heavy doping doesn't change the
barrier height, but can make barrier sufficiently thin to allow tunneling
conduction around the Fermi energy. This tunneling situation is called
an Ohmic contact.)
- SB, S.B.
- Scientiae Baccalaureus. Science Baccalaureate. An engineering degree
in the US.
- (Domain code for) Solomon Islands. I don't see a b there either.
- South Bend. A small city in Indiana.
The local UHF television stations are WNIT,
WSBT, and a couple of others that I'll fill in
as I remember them.
- Stony Brook [University]. For historical or sentimental reasons -- okay,
really because I'm lazy -- our SB info is at the SUNY-SB entry.
- Stop Band. Band gap in a photonic crystal; region where wavevector
is imaginary, so signal attenuates.
Maybe it's used more generally for filters?
- SuBstantive. Another, older, word for noun,
- Super Bowl. The ones from 1996 to 2005
have been designated triple-X. This won't happen again for another fifty
Like most people, I watch the SB for the ads and the frantic half-time show.
In 2004, I noticed that one of the most irritating sponsors was hawking a drug
that is pushed by some of the most irritating spammers. During half-time, the
crotch-grabbing was generally tame by current rap-video standards. More than a
couple of the performances featured partial disrobing. It didn't get a rise
out of me. I watched that half-time show on a wide-screen
TV in a room with a dozen or so
Catholic-university students. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 7 was the reaction
to the end-zone interception of a Tom Brady pass, Janet Jackson's
Justin-Timberlake-assisted tit-flash rated a 0. (But it did merit
recognition in the
degradation entry.) And the people who get
a kick out of mock violence against women probably weren't
rolling on the floor after the horse-fart
In 1972, I missed getting extra credit on Mr. Coulter's Electronics exam
because I didn't know that S.B. stood for Super Bowl. Don't let
this happen to you if you can possibly avoid it.
- (US) Small Business
Also of interest: the (nongovernment)
Small Business Advisory,
CENA and NASE.
- Sociedade Brasileira de
- Status of Black Atlanta.
An annual report published since 1993 by the Southern Center
for Studies in Public Policy (SCSPP) at Clark
Atlanta University (CAU).
Bar Association. Put your beer mug down, it's not like that. It's the
student government at the law school, not necessarily in any formal way
associated with the ABA. The link above is to
the UB SBA. The SBA exists to give ambitious law
school students something to put on their résumé, even if
they can't get a spot on the Law Review, and incidentally serves to
demonstrate that engineers aren't the only professional illiterates.
- Susan B. Anthony (dollar coin). The abbreviation appeared briefly
on pin-ball machines and some other coin-operated equipment, before it
became obvious that the coin was a blunder.
- Standard Beam Approach.
- Strong-Base Anion-exchange (resin). The SBA resins common in water
treatment have quaternary amine functionality. Cf. SAC.
- S band
- The designation for a range of microwave frequencies. Actually many
frequencies. The traditional S band is 1550 to 5200 MHz. These are the frequencies supported in
single-mode propagation by a particular diameter of circular-cross section
waveguide. The diameter is determined by a plumbing gauge associated with a
someone named S_____.
- German: Schnellbahn or Stadtbahn. Literally
`quick railway' or `city railway.' A rail line that's occasionally called a
suburban railway or city railroad in English. In Berlin (BE) there's another line that's called the
Stadtbahn, so S-Bahn there ought to stand for Schnellbahn
if it stands for anything.
- Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
German, `Proceedings of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences.' The philological
study of classical antiquity is within the bailiwick of this Bavarian academy,
so this is one of those instances in which the term sciences, the
conventional translation of Wissenschaften, is misleading. (More at the
entry.) When classicists cite SBAW, they generally mean more precisely
Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften,
Philosophisch-Historische Klasse (SBAW, `section for philosophy and
history'). There is also a journal ABAW.
- Schweizerische Bundesbahn. German name of Swiss (.ch) national railway. The acronyms in all the other
languages also consist of one double letter and one single:
- Singapore BodyBuilding Federation.
- S-Bus Circuit. This was introduced by Siemens, and no further expansion of
S Bus was supplied, so I suppose that S Bus might be expanded Siemens Bus.
This is what lexicographers call an ulterior expansion.
- Single-Board Computer.
- Soleil-Babinet Compensator. A compensator is a device in the beam path
which can insert an adjustable phase shift (a delay, in effect). Also
- Southern Baptist Convention. As of 2007, it's the second-largest church
body in the U.S. However, demographically it has been stagnant or in decline
since around 1998. For detailed demographic information, see
this page from
- State Board for Charter Schools.
- Student Basketball Congress. A kind of union of US college basketball
players. First formal intercollegiate meeting held in September 2000. They
don't represent players in negotiations, but the
NCAA listens to them. Amateur athletics -- what a business!
You know, the more colleges have a kind of farm system too: they'll recruit
players who may not be academically eligible or athletically quite so
desirable, and get them into a cooperative junior college. For example,
Indiana University (in Bloomington, Indiana) and University of Nebraska (in Lincoln) and
other schools have sent players to Iowa Western.
Iowa Western Community College is in
Council Bluffs, IA. Their teams are known as the Reivers, which apparently
are some sort of river pirate.
Another popular school of this sort is MCI, Maine C--- Institute (forgot the
name, can't find a listing, this is bad). Oh well, then, let's have a link
to NJCAA (National Junior College Athletic
- Sun Belt Conference.
- US Army Soldier and Biological
Chemical Command. Interesting way to deploy that grammatical nonchemical
- SBC Communications
- SBC stands for the former name
Southwestern Bell Corporation, one of the baby Bells. At some point it was
absorbed by ``the New AT&T.''
- South Bend Civic Theatre.
- S-Bus Circuit eXtended.
- Smart Battery Data.
- State Board of Dental Examiners.
- SbE, SbW
- South by East, South by West. Vide
- Society of Broadcast Engineers, Inc.
- State Board of Education.
- SuperTwisted Birefringence Effect. Mechanism in certain
STN LC displays.
[See T. J. Scheffer, and J. Nehring, J. Appl. Phys.
58, 3022 (1985).
- Salomon Brothers Fund.
- Savings Bank of Finland, Ltd. A wholly-owned subsidiary of the
aggressively named Arsenal, in a business report of
which it is mentioned.
- SbF3 is antimony fluoride.
- Schiffbauforschung. (German, `Shipbuilding Research.') (
- School Book Fairs. As in ``SBF Services Inc.''
- School Bus Fleet.
Here's an image of a small school bus.
- Science Books & Films.
- Scientific Balloon Flight. Conducted by the
- Sea Breeze Front.
- Search By Form.
Secretariat des Bailleurs de Fonds.
- Sequential Block File.
- Sigma Beta Digamma. Pretty respectable
membership for a nonexistent organization.
- Simulated Body Fluid.
- Single Barrier Failure. NASAnese.
- Single Black Female. Personals abbreviation. Special case
- Siyasal Bilgiler Fakultesi. Of Ankara Universitesi.
- Siyasal Bilimler Fakultesi. Of Istanbul Universitesi.
Business Friendly -- the Homepage.
- Small But Fast
Brasileira de Fisica (Brazilian Physical Society).
- Sociedade Brasileira de
- Société Batrachologique de France.
They publish a quarterly journal Alytes.
- Société Belge de Filtration. The name always seems
to appear in French, but
this search (with a bit of luck) is a conference jointly sponsored with
the Royal Flemish Engineering Union (I guess: Koninklijke Vlaamse
- Société des
(``Society of French Stock Exchanges'' -- Paris
Stock Exchange). (Old
gopher site here.)
- Sola Brettseilerforening.
Imagine that: sailing at Greenland lattitudes. Shows what the Gulf
Stream can do.
- South Bay Folks.
An ``informal organization of music lovers and musicians dedicated to promoting
folk music in the greater San Jose, California area.''
Burn Firefighter (project). Has to do with programming.
Bessel Function. Name of NAG numerical
SportBootFührerschein. German: `Sport Boat Driver's License.'
Beau Fleuve. Sponsor of this glossary. Have you visited the acclaimed
Some curiosity has been expressed regarding the significance of our name,
but not really that much. The etymology of Tisch is given at the fisk entry.
- Standard Broadband Format.
- State Board of Forestry. In California, the SBF is ``a
nine-member board appointed by the Govern[at]or, which is responsible for
developing the general forest policy of the State, for determining the guidance
policies of the [California] Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, and
for representing the State's interest in federal land in California.''
- Steel Bridge Forum.
We have a bridge entry, but it probably doesn't
have any useful information on steel bridges yet.
Bioteknisk Forskning (Biotechnology Research in
Sweden). Try also this site.
- Stony Brook
- Strange BedFellows.
``The Strange Bedfellows [is] an eight[-]member band with guitars, keyboards,
drums, assorted sound effects and seven vocalists.... Dubbed "The
silliest band in Vancouver," the Strange Bedfellows appear clad in
old-fashioned nightshirts and bedcaps'' as at right.
Behavior Function (model). Something to do with
Students' Broadcasting Federation.
Studium Biblicum Franciscanum. Here's a
- Subic Bay
Freeport. Or maybe try
- Surface Brightness Fluctuation. One way to estimate the distances of
- Svenska BadmintonForbundet (Swedish Badminton
- Svenska BetongForeningen [Swedish Concrete
- Svenska Bilsportförbundets. [Motor-sport.]
Association of Windsurfers.'
- Svenska BrandForsvarsforeningen. (Swedish Fire
BudoFoerbundet (Swedish Martial Arts
Federation). Sounds pretty funny, but don't laugh -- they'll take you out.
- Sveriges Begravningsbyraers Forbund. (Sweden
- Sveriges BlabandsForbunds Forbund. (Sweden
Temperance Society). Cf. WCTU.
Bridge Federation.' The name may have changed, but I don't want to know about
- Swiss Badminton Federation.
- Swiss Boomerang Federation.
- Scanned Blood Flow Field[s]. By MRI, or
maybe radioactive dye.
- Silicone Breast Implant.
- Schottky-Barrier (SB)
Insulated-Gate Field-Effect Transistor (IGFET).
- Small Business Innovation Research.
- Sustaining Base Information Services. A US Army initiative to modernize
software in their ``business'' functions (as opposed to their ``business-end''
functions. Extremely ambitious, and way behind and over budget.
The first-phase contract was won in 1993 by a consortium led by IBM Federal Systems, which was sold to Loral.
- Society of Biblical Literature.
Closely associated with the American Academy of Religion (AAR).
- Scientific Basis of Medicine.
- Soy Bean Meal.
- IATA code for Michiana Regional Airport in South
Bend, IN, USA (formerly and colloquially still South Bend Regional Airport).
Serving Michiana, wherever that is. Here's
the status of SBN in real time from the ATCSCC.
- Standard Book Number[ing].
A system that was a precursor to the ISBN system.
The Old SBN's are nine digits long, and become ISBN's by the addition of
an initial zero: in the ten-digit ISBN, the first digit identifies a country
or group of countries; zero (as well as one) is number for the English group,
including the U.S., U.K., Canada, Australia, and
- Station BlackOut. A nuclear-industry term for an event in which a plant
loses all sources of power. After the accident at Three Mile Island
(TMI) in 1979, this became a kind of event for which
US stations were required to plan and prepare.
- S body
- The design of the Jaguar XKE and related models. Stands for Sport
model, but equal credit will be given for the answer ``Sexy'' body.
- Space Bandwidth Product.
- Steroid-Binding Protein.
- Special Bar-Quality [steel]. Used both as an adjective (e.g., ``1.5
mil tpy of SBQ steel rounds was used by
GM's automotive sector in the late 1990's'') and as a
noun (``the independent forging industry consumes
around 1.4 mil tpy of SBQ in rounds and billets, of which about 900,000 tpy is
bar''). Please don't ask me what any of this means.
- Styrene-Butadiene Rubber. The rubber used for wheeled-vehicle tires.
Also known as SBS rubber, for which the Macrogalleria
offers an informative
- (Hypofractionated) Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy. A concentrated,
focused radiation therapy for cancer.
- Sick Building Syndrome. Still a rather controversial diagnosis: sometimes
a significant poison is found, sometimes mass hysteria is suspected. OSHA apparently defines SBS as whatever
building-related problems are left over when you take away building-related
illness (BRI's) of known origin, so the term is
pretty much guaranteed to remain controversial by definition, regardless of
One effect of all this is to make
housecleaning more glamorous and high-tech than it's been since the
widespread introduction of jet-age ``labor-saving'' devices during the
fifties, the golden age of home appliances. (Vide remote control.)
Sick Building Syndrome is also called Tight Building Syndrome (I
haven't seen ``TBS'' used as an acronym in this connection, though.) I
like to think of this as related to the slang sense of tight as
drunk; unfortunately, the etymology is related to `air-tight.'
Increased care to seal-in temperature-regulated air began in earnest
during the oil crisis/embargo of 1973 [a war measure imposed by medieval
Persian-Gulf states (GCC) to punish the US for
supporting Israel's effort to remain in existence]. Energy-saving measures
have meant that indoor pollutants accumulate to higher levels.
The claim is bruited about that it's now ten times (or a hundred times, or a
i.e. much) more dangerous to be indoors than out.
In 1994, UB became a non-smoking campus, meaning
that you can't smoke indoors. Since then, the entry areas to building have
become a million times more dangerous than the indoors.
The new chemistry building on the north campus has one chimney per fume hood,
emerging as a silvery stack at the top of the building. This is now the
most recognizable building on campus. If you remember that it looks like a
chocolate-and-mocca layer birthday cake for a centenarian, you can't miss it.
- Smart Battery System. One that tries to conserve power, that monitors
battery power charge and takes increasingly aggressive measures as charge
falls. Deep discharge of any kind of battery degrades it and reduces its
subsequent ability to take, hold, and deliver a charge. Loss of power to a
microelectronic circuit can result in loss of information. Gradual loss of
power to a disk drive, if mishandled, can lead to physical damage.
A smart battery system is a peripheral device that communicates with the system
it powers. In addition to one or more ``primary'' bateries, it includes
testing and recharging components, all controlled through a smart battery
management system. It looks like batteries have pulled ahead of toasters in
the race to be the smartest dumb device.
PowerSmart and ON Semiconductor sell smart battery IC's.
- Stimulated Brillouin Scattering.
- Schottky-Barrier Solar Cell.
- Smart Battery System Implementers
Forum. The open standard for SBS in portable
electronics is ACPI, closely coordinated with SMBus.
- Smart Battery System Table. An ACPI system
- SBS rubber
- Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene RUBBER. The rubber used for wheeled-vehicle
tires. There's an informative SBS entry in the
- Single Business Tax. It's a tax unique to the state of Michigan, but I
don't think that's what the ``single'' refers to. I think it means there's no
other direct tax on all business income (i.e., excluding sales tax).
The tax is described as ``essentially taxing payroll.'' As of June 2006,
Michigan has a 7.2% unemployment rate -- far above the US average. (The
unemployment rate actually fell marginally from May, with no increase in
employment: fewer people sought jobs.) Income is declining. Legislation has
been introduced to replace the tax with some other form of business tax.
(You know, a bad economy is simply the fault of the government. The fact that
US automakers based in Michigan have been losing market share for a few decades
has nothing to do with it.)
- South Bend Tribune.
Represents the interests of plebians before the Roman Senate. Okay, maybe not.
They have this promotional slogan: ``South Bend Tribune: Discover what's in it
for you.'' Oh, I see -- ``in it'' -- inside the newspaper, I get it now. Very
clever. It would never occur to anyone that ``what's in it for you'' is the
mantra of selfish cynicism, nah.
- Surface-Barrier Transistor.
- State Board of Tax Commissioners.
- Schottky-Barrier Transistor-Transistor Logic
(TTL). Logic gate family in which a Schottky diode
is used to clamp the collector-base junction into reverse bias, to prevent the
long charge-storage delays that occur if a transistor goes into saturation.
You could check out
``Design of Schottky-Barrier Diode Clamped Transistor Layouts,'' by
R. A. Heald and D. A. Hodges: IEEE Journal of
Solid-State Circuits, vol. SC-7, pp. 269-275 (August 1973).
- Sensitive But Unclassified. US government acronym.
- Swift Boat Veterans for Truth.
- Space BandWidth Product. The bandwidth is presumably of spatial frequency.
- German: Sowjetische Besatzungszone, `Soviet
Zone of Occupation' (following WWII).