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NT
NanoTube. A nanometer-scale structure shaped like a tube.

NT
Network Termination.

NT
Neutralizing-antibody Titer.

.nt
(Domain name extension for) Neutral Zone.

NT, N.T.
New Testament. Also Neues Testament in German.

The New Testament Gateway is ``your comprehensive, up to date, annotated directory of good academic New Testament internet resources,'' including various Bible translations and editions.

NT
Noise Thermometer. Vide JNPT.

NT
Northern Tablelands. A region of New South Wales (NSW), Australia (.au). There're also CT and ST. Since NSW is in the southwest of that continent-nation, there is no possibility that this NT will be confused with...

NT
Northern Territory. A sparsely populated north-central region of Australia having, like continental territories of the US during its westward expansion, a degree of self-government inferior to that of a full-fledged state. It was originally (1825-1863) part of the colony of New South Wales (for the sake of confusion, see NT above), and then a territory of the colony of South Australia. At the beginning of 1901, pursuant to an act of the British parliament passed in 1900, the six colonies of Australia became the constituent states of the federation that is the Commonwealth of Australia. At that time NT continued as a territory of the state of SA. SA transferred the territory to Commonwealth (i.e., Federal Parliament) control at the end of 1910.

Territorians (a/k/a ``Top Enders'') are not disenfranchised at the national level: they elect one member of Australia's House of Representatives, and two Senators. Over the years, culminating in 1974-1978, increased self-rule was granted the territory by the national government, but with some reservations. NT since 1978 has been governed by a Legislative Assembly headed by a Chief Minister. This functions substantially like the government of a state, but its powers are statutory rather than constitutional: it exercises powers that the national government delegates to it by law. In 1995, NT passed a law legalizing euthanasia (the ROTTI Act). Australia's national legislature nullified that law early in 1997 -- something it would not have had authority to do if NT had been a state.

In March 1996, John Howard led Australia's Liberal Party (the main conservative party) to victory in legislative elections and became prime minister. In May, his government unveiled a plan under which NT could become a state by 2001, if the terms were approved by a referendum of Territorians. The terms included a representation of only 3 rather than the usual 12 senators, in consideration of NT's tiny population (about 200,000 in 2005, as opposed to 5 and more than 6 million for Victoria and NSW, the largest states). That September, NT's Country-Liberal Party (CLP, aligned with the national Liberal Party) won its sixth successive election victory, increasing its share of seats in the NT Legislative Assembly at the expense of the Australian Labor Party (sic).

Chief Minister Shane Stone touted his party's increased strength among Aboriginal voters, who constitute a quarter of the territory's population, and claimed this demonstrated Aboriginal support for proposed Liberal plans regarding something called Native Title. (If you're interested in this, see the Wikipedia article on the Wik Peoples v. Queensland decision of the High Court of Australia.) However, all public analyses seemed based on election-over-election returns in districts with large Aboriginal populations. There didn't seem to be any exit polling data, and the limited voting data was subject to varying interpretations. (For example, it was argued that in many districts, the main movement of Aboriginal votes was from Labor to independent candidates.)

The current version of the coat of arms of Australia, granted in 1912, includes a picture of a kangaroo of some sort. That seal appears on the homepage of the High Court. Now where was I?

Following Howard's initiative, Chief Minister Stone pressed on toward statehood. Pressed very hard, in fact. He convened a constitutional convention, with members apparently hand-picked by himself; in drafting a state constitution, that convention basically threw out years of bipartisan committee work in the Legislative Assembly. This performance evidently left a very poor taste, and many Aboriginal voters are believed to have concluded that a state government could not be trusted to protect their rights. In the end, the statehood referendum was defeated.

NT is referred to loosely as a ``state'' in about the same way that the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are in the US, for want of an inclusive term that is more accurate. (This is done mostly implicitly with the plural: ``state [political] conventions'' may be understood to include Puerto Rico's; ``presidential electors from the various states'' is a loose way to say ``presidential electors from the various states and the District of Columbia.'')

NT
Postal abbreviation for the Northwest Territories of Canada (.ca). Capital: Yellowknife.

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NT
Nose Tackle. The football defensive lineman who lines up facing the center.

NT
Abbreviation of a bridge term indicating that there is no trump suit. Differences in the way that NT is expanded, spelled out in the partnership agreement, reveal information relating to the cards, or more precisely about the person holding them. Here are some of the more common variants:

This is just an introduction. Expert players well versed (or well-versed, etc.) in orthographology can infer an entire family history.

NT
Not Tested.

NTA
National Telefilm Associates, Inc. In 1951, Ely Landau formed Ely Landau, Inc. (I don't think a single person could constitute an entire corporation in those days, even in Delaware, so I imagine that other people held an interest as well.) In 1954, the company was reorganized as NTA, including Landau, Oliver A. Unger, and Harold Goldman. By 1956, when it bought U.M.&M. T.V. Corp., it was a division of Twentieth Century-Fox. You're probably regretting that you asked, huh? Oh, you didn't ask! Read more about it here.

In the mid 1980's, NTA was acquired by film partners who renamed it Republic Pictures. There were clearly two reasons why they did this:

  1. Republic had been a grand name in pictures before its demise in 1957.
  2. Every year or two in the life of any but the largest media organization, there must be a major merger or acquisition, probably one that reverses a previous, equally brilliant business move. If a new name were used every time this happened, it would be tedious but straightforward to follow the ins and outs. In order to make the situation as confusing as possible, it is necessary to
    1. use similar-sounding names,
    2. use the names inconsistently, and
    3. reuse the same names for unrelated companies whenever possible.
    Hence the re-use of the Republic name.

NTA
National Tour Association.

NTA
National Trappers Association. California is easily the largest state without an affiliate. There once was a California Trappers Association, but it had only a geocities website, and that's gone 404.

NTAP
A program used by the FAA, which processes radar data from ARTCC's to identify and track blips.

NTC
National (military) Training Center. In Fort Irwin, California, from which you may guess the meaning of ``National.''

NTC
Negative Temperature Coefficient. Often used describe resistance of thermistors. Cf. PTC.

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NTCA
National Telecommunications Cooperative Association. ``The Voice of Rural Telecommunications.''

``NTCA is a national association representing more than 550 small and rural independent local exchange carriers providing telecommunications services throughout rural America.''

NTD
Neutron Transmutation Doping.

Simple absorption of a neutron only changes the isotope, and not the chemical species. However, the cross section can be significant for n(AZ,A+1Z+1)e- transmutation.

NTE
National Teaching Examination. A US exam long since replaced by Praxis.

NTE
Network Terminating Equipment.

NTE
Neutron Transient Effect.

NTE
Not To Exceed.

NTEA
National Truck Equipment Association. An industry association founded in 1964. (The ``National'' in the name apparently means US and Canada.) The NTEA uses some ill-fitting dead metaphors to describe the SIG's that various member companies belong to within NTEA: ``A number of NTEA members belong to affiliate divisions and committees that operate under the NTEA umbrella. These NTEA divisions and affiliate committees represent specific product segments within the truck body and equipment industry.''

NTEU
National Treasury Employees Union. Sort of like an industrial union for the US Treasury Dept. I wonder if the Secret Service belongs. Most members work for the IRS and Customs Service (at least in the Buffalo area).

NTF
National Test Facility.

NTF
No Trouble Found. Same as NFF, q.v.

NTF
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. I don't remember what I was thinking when I added this entry. It is interesting however, that the first two NTF entries (this and No Trouble Found came in first) are related to the two CND entries.

Now I think of it, I was probably going to scrape out the content of this entry and completely remodel it as an NPT entry, but then I got distracted or something. Definitely something.

NTFS
New Technology File System. In Windows NT.

NTHMP
U.S. National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program.

NTI
National Technology Initiative.

In early April of 2001, but not on the first, President George W. Bush told reporters that he no longer uses email because the White House doesn't have access to techies who could rig up a reliable security scheme. (He didn't state it in precisely these words.) NTI is not the sort of acronym one would readily associate with this administration.

NTI
Non-Terrestrial Intelligence. Not a standard term. See UFO and SETI entries.

NTI
Nuclear Threat Initiative. A charitable organization working to reduce the threat. Oh. Well that's not nearly so interesting. But here's something: it was created by Ted Turner and Sam Nunn.

NTIA
National Telecommunications and Information Administration. An agency of the US Department of Commerce (DoC) and ``the Executive Branch's principal voice on domestic and international telecommunications and information technology issues.''

NTIS
National Technical Information Service, a unit of the US Department of Commerce (DoC). The old NBS.

NTISA
Naval Tactical Interoperability Support Agency.

ntkm
Net Ton KiloMeter. I guess that ton would be metric -- a megagram.

NTM
Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin. `Journal for the History of the Natural Sciences, Technology, and Medicine.' Edited by the DGGMNT and published by Birkhäuser Verlag Basel, it is the most important journal of its kind in German. Evidently, at some point the initialism became a sealed acronym, because the journal title is now ``NTM -- Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin.'' (The official translation is `NTM Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine.')

NTNU
Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet. English: `Norwegian University of Science and Technology.' For no particular reason at all, I'd have preferred `Norwegian University of Technology and Science.'

NTO
Nitrogen Tetroxide. N2O4.

NTP
National (US) Toxicology Program.

NTP
Network Time Protocol.

NTP
Normal Temperature and Pressure. (Cf. STP.)

NTP
Nuclear Thermal Propulsion. A proposed rocket engine in which thrust is generated by using a nuclear reactor to heat a propellant.

NTP
Nucleoside TriPhosphate[s].

NTPJ
See the New Jersey Turnpike entry NJTP.

NTRM
NIST Traceable Reference Materials.

NTRS
National Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors.

NTS
Nevada Test Site. Used for playing with nuclear toys, or making what the Indian government called (1976 or so) a ``peaceful nuclear explosion.''

Back during the cold war, when people spent more time thinking about the effects of setting off atomic weapons, both the US and the USSR were described as having enough megatonnage to destroy the other side some silly-sounding number of times over. (That's if you just aim for breadth, and don't care that you haven't destroyed hardened silos with that all-important retaliatory capability.) Anyway, the standard expression for this many-times over capability was ``making the rubble bounce.''

N.T. & S.A.
National Trust and Savings Association.

NTSA
National Tuberous Sclerosis Association.

NTSB
National Transportation Safety Board. Investigates airplane accidents. Plays at most an advisory rôle in flightworthiness accreditation.

NTSC
The TV standard in Japan and most of the Americas. NTSC stands for National Television Standards Committee. This group, formed by the EIA, prepared the standards for monochrome TV transmission in the USA in 1941, and for color television in 1954 (essentially, they chose the design of RCA). (The color system uses 59.94 Hz frame rate rather than 60 Hz, in order to ``squeeze in the color.'') Folk-etymologized expansion: ``Never The Same Color.''

More at video encoding. Cf. the similar PAL and radically different SECAM.

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NTT
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone.

NTT
Non-Tenure-Track (college or university faculty).

NTTC
National Technology Transfer Center, a NASA-related initiative. NTTC is located at Wheeling Jesuit University (WJU), in West Virginia, a state represented by the powerful US Senator Byrd.

NTT-IT
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone - Intelligent Technology.

NTTT
Naval Tactical Team Trainer. Developed for the Royal Saudi Naval Forces (RSNF).

NTU
Nanyang Technological University. In Singapore.

NTU
National Taiwan University. (That URL looks perishable; if it fails, you might try the top-level homepage, which has an English-version link.)

NTUA
National Technical University of Athens.

NTVES
Northern Territory Voluntary Euthanasia Society. The organization, or at least its old URL, seems to have been put out of its misery. Related information at the ROTTI entry.

NTW
Navy Theater-Wide. Short for NTWD or NTW system.

NTWD
Navy Theater-Wide Defense. A US-initiated program to provide ballistic missile defense capability without the need for land bases. This is an ``upper-tier'' defense, focussed primarily on high-flying missiles.

NTYMI
Now That You Mention It.

NTZ
NiTaZoxanide. Used to treat cryptosporidiosis (Crypto), a GI-tract infection (main symptoms diarrhea and abdominal cramps) common in AIDS patients.

NU
Nations Unies. French: `United Nations' (UN).

NU
Nipissing University. They have a cool logo -- lower-case n and u, nested in a way that's probably illegal south of the border, with C2 symmetry. It's located in North Bay, Ontario, not far from Lake Nipissing. I need hardly point out, though I will do so nonetheless, that this name fairly screams for a fatfinger, or a sign -- like ``No pissing in Lake Nipissing.'' I imagine they have a decorous local pronunciation that doesn't stress the second syllable (or maybe it's pronounced "NIPsing"). NU is four hours north of Toronto.

One student testimonial on the website:

As an environmental science student, I love being at a university where we are in direct contact with the environment.

Remember the Beach Boys' lyric ``two girls for every boy''? NU's enrollment is 70% female. But shop around, there are probably lots of schools with numbers even more skewed.

NU
Northeastern University. In Boston, Massachusetts.

NU
Northwestern University. In Evanston (and Chicago), Illinois.

.nu
(Domain name code for) Niue. Don't know where this is either; looks Dutch.

nu
Name of the letter of the Greek alphabet corresponding to Latin en and Hebrew nun. With the general iotization of Modern Greek, its name is now ni (eye dialect ``knee''), like what the knights who say DON'T SAY IT! DON'T SAY IT! (you know) said. The name of the Greek letter is also ni in Serbo-Croatian and probably other Balkan languages.

Here's a paragraph from George Moore's Confessions of a Young Man (the 1904 edition; Moore was born in 1852), p. 129.

Fancy, a banquet was given to Julien by his pupils! He made a speech in favour of Lefebvre, and hoped that every one there would vote for Lefebvre. Julien was very eloquent. He spoke of Le grand art, le nu, and Lefebvre's unswerving fidelity to le nu ... elegance, refinement, an echo of ancient Greece: and then,--what do you think? when he had exhausted all the reasons why the medal of honour should be accorded to Lefebvre, he said, ``I ask you to remember, gentlemen, that he has a wife and eight children.'' Is it not monstrous?

So nu? What did you expect? It's got some nu and something about ancient Greece; ``in favour of Lefebvre'' is just gravy.

Nu?
A Yiddish expression meaning, depending on the intonation, just about anything. One common meaning is `what did you expect'? In many contexts it may be translated as the interjection `well,' with the sense that word has in phrases like ``well, then,'' or ``well, come on.'' It appears to be a cognate of the German word nun, which is nu in Dutch, various North Germanic languages, and various regional German languages, and takes the form now in English (gotta be different). In German, you might begin a sentence with ``Nun, ...'' Here it literally means ``Now,...'' but it can have the force of ``Now then, ...'' -- it shades the linguistic register slightly towards the intimate or informal, the same way that beginning with ``Well, now, ...'' does in English. Cognates of the word are widespread Indo-European languages, occurring as nu in, for example, various older Celtic languages, Hittite, Avestan, and Sanskrit, as the enclitic -nu in ancient Greek (nun as a separate word, just as in Lithuanian and modern German), and num in Classical Latin (which must have been widely pronounced as nu in Late Latin).

As it happens, however, Hebrew has a word nu that also means `well' in the requisite sense. Often one can tell the etymology of a word by the spelling, since different rules apply for words of Hebrew and non-Hebrew origin, but that doesn't work here (the same spelling applies: nun vav). It seems, however, that Yiddish nu lacks the elementary temporal sense (`now') of the German homonym, so it is probably from Hebrew.

nu
Number of Utterances. With mean value mnu. And that's all I have to say about it.

NU
Postal abbreviation for the Canadian (.ca) territory of Nunavut. Capital: Iqaluit (formerly called Frobisher Bay). Nunavut came into being on April Fool's Day in 1999, carved from the eastern half of the Northwest Territories (whose name remains a plural). At first, Canada Post was insisting that addresses in Nunavut would continue to use the old Northwest Territories two-letter abbreviation -- NT. Inexplicably, they eventually saw reason and made NU official.

The reason the Canadian postal service originally opposed using NU as postal code was that nu is a French word meaning `naked.' (In Spanish, naked is desnudo -- something like a cognate of denuded. I'm sure this reflects something deep and important about the difference between French and Spanish cultures, but I haven't the time to stop and pay out the line of argument. You're on your own until I get back.) You know, along Grape Road in nearby Mishawaka (nearby to me), there's a store that sells -- in full view of traffic -- ``naked furniture.'' I always get aroused when I drive by. I suppose the same thing happens to Frenchmen (especially lesbian Frenchmen) when they think about les Nations Unies. [You shouldn't feel bad if you don't get that joke. I wrote it, and even I don't get it anymore.] Canada Post was initially leaning toward NN, but wasn't planning to bring the Secretary General up on charges of international double entendre.

That reminds me of an article I read in the 1980's, on vanity license plates. In one US state it turned out they were mindlessly excluding letter sequences on the basis of a list. They didn't bother to make up their own list; they borrowed a Canadian list that was handy. So in Oregon or wherever it was, you couldn't get a license plate with NDP on it, because the government (Canadian, in this case) didn't want members of the New Democratic Party of Canada making political statements on their licence plates.

Here's something: on Lincoln's birthday, 2002, a group called Marmoset released an album entitled Mishawaka (a CD EP with eight songs) through the record company Secretly Canadian (SC, not SC!). Marmoset is a three-piece band from Indianapolis, Indiana, which is about three hours' drive south of Mishawaka, Indiana. After all that free publicity, they won't mind if I point out that the music sounds like an air hammer and knocked off my Quicktime plug-in. Hmmm, maybe we should try that again. Okay, it sounds like 1966 protopsychedelic beginner-guitarist rock, just a tad heavy on the echo effect. According to their label, their ``tunes evoke the same sort of claustrophobic mood that Syd Barrett and Big Star created in their respective world corners a few decades ago, but with a subtle post-punk consciousness which is the distinguisher that separates Marmoset from such idyllic peers as Belle & Sebastian and Badly Drawn Boy,'' eh?

NUAC
National AIDS Update Conference.

NUC
National Union Catalogue. Many countries have them: unified catalogues of all libraries in the country.

nuca
Spanish, `nape of the neck.'

NUCCA
National Upper Cervical Chiropractic Association.

Verbatim excerpt from their history:

It was decided that NUCCA should publish a more scientifically-oriented paper and the name NUCCA News was changed to The Monograph, meaning "learned treatise on a particular subject" and proposed by Dr. Seemann.

nuclear
Having to do with nuclei or the nucleus, of a cell in biology or of an atom in physics, or of whatever nucleation one is discussing. Not the same as nookyuler.

nuclide
A specific type of nucleus (or associated atom or ion), defined by the numbers of its distinct constituents. That usually means the number of protons (the atomic number Z) and of neutrons (N), though it is usual to give (equivalently) Z and A (atomic mass number -- the total number of nucleons). [The theory of strong interactions is not advanced enough to rule out the possibility of short-lived or even stable nuclei that contain baryons other than protons and neutrons. However, no such nuclei have been observed.]

The word nuclide was coined to replace isotope in its broad sense. That is, an isotope was originally a nuclear species (with a particular Z and A) having the same atomic number (Z) as another nuclear species. Almost as soon as the ink was dry on the paper that introduced isotope, the word came to be used in situations where a smart-ass could ask ``the same Z as what other nuclear species?'' The answer to this could be (in order of increasing eloquence)

  1. ``I just mean `isotope' in the sense of some nuclear species characterized by a particular Z and A.''
  2. ``The same Z as any other nuclear species that has the same atomic number.''
  3. A piece of radiation shielding across the jaw.

I guess eloquence has its disadvantages, so someone (who certainly deserves no fame for this) came up with the word nuclide for the broad sense of isotope. It's an awkword -- which is a neologism more deserving of existence. It should be nucleide, but it isn't. ``New Clyde,'' yuck.

Oh no -- it's worse than that! It was created to fill another perceived semantic hole than the one it eventually tripped into. Here, straight from the horse's journal article:

There is at present no word in the English language to express the concept of a particular species of atom, differing from all others in the constitution of its nucleus.... Nuclear species and the German Kernsorte... refer to nuclei rather than to atoms.... In recent years the word isotope has come into use for this purpose, less by design than by default.... Evidently a new word is required, and nuclide is proposed.... The new word and its derivatives should be used in such expressions as ``stable nuclides'' and ``nuclidic weight.''
This proposal was made by T.P. Kohman in 1947 in the American Journal of Physics. AJP is an often interesting journal, but it's basically for physics pedagogy ideas. It's not a journal for making serious proposals regarding scientific practice, and sure enough, Kohman's wasn't.

nude mice
A line of mice with rather weak immune systems. This is a useful trait for medical research because they support human tumors.

Nudists Seek to Attract Younger Members
The title of an AP news item filed on May 13, 2007. This comes under the category of ``don't tell me, it could only ruin it.''

NUHS
National University of Health Sciences. Formerly known as the National Chiropractic University, and a graphic on the homepage shows a building entrance engraved with the words ``National College of Chiropractic,'' evidently an earlier name. A page that's gone now used to claim that ``graduates of National University hold a much greater percentage of professional leadership positions than those of any other chiropractic college.'' An About Us page says (as of 2008.12.06) that ``[a]s the leader in chiropractic education since 1906, National is renowned for academic excellence, an outstanding faculty, and innovative educational leadership.'' It makes the risible claim that ``National University of Health Sciences is the nation's premier institution for health science education, offering you unparalleled preparation in expanding health care professions such as chiropractic, naturopathic, and oriental medicine, acupuncture, massage therapy, biomedical science, and more.'' One can see the continuity in the name, but the ``National'' qualifier was probably more apt when the school was more narrowly focused. It's based in Lombard, Illinois.

A particular AAA entry in this glossary mentions an alumnus who has made a name for himself. NUHS offers a D.C. degree as well as a BS in Human Biology.

NUIM
National University of Ireland, Maynooth.

NUL
NULl. Zero. Digital oblivion. The zeroth ASCII character. This is the nonprinting character corresponding to the byte value zero. [The printable character zero is ASCII-48 (0x30).] The old keyboard equivalent of NUL was ^@. Still works for me.

In the C programming language, strings are null-terminated arrays of characters. In Microsoft's ``Hungarian'' convention (abandoned around 2004 or so) for variable naming, strings are typically prefixed with str or sz. The second prefix is utterly strange and totally unmotivated (and I can't understand why I even mention it at this particular entry). Therefore it's pretty hard to remember, so here's a mnemonic: in the Hungarian language, the letter ess represents an esh sound (the sound usually written sh in English), whereas the letter sequence sz represents the ess sound that occurs at the beginning of the English word string. In fact, the English word has been borrowed into Hungarian in the restricted sense of `character string' (karakter sorozat), with the Magyarized spelling sztring (plural sztringek, equiv. karakter sorozatok). Suddenly you realize that all these years you've been mispronouncing paprikas. (Unless you've been misspelling it.)

Other languages:
In C++, there is also a string class. In Polish, the orthographic convention is closer to ours: ess sound is represented by the letter ess, and esh by sz. So you can think of the Hungarian convention as ``reverse Polish.''

nullification
In US history, a doctrine that was only ever widely popular in the South. The doctrine held that each state had the right within its borders to make a dead letter of any act of the federal government. In effect, the idea was that the US constitution was as weak as, or weaker than, the Articles of Confederation.

nulliparous
Having never given birth. More than half of the people ever born will die nulliparous. Please send money so we can do something about this, like go on fact-finding missions to Hawaii.

Most definitions of nulliparous use the word birth, and as typically understood, that's probably precise enough. But hearken unto me.

In Act IV, Sc. i, of Shakespeare's ``Macbeth,'' Macbeth seeks career advice in a witches' cavern. A first apparition warns him against Macduff, the thane of Fife. The second apparition is a bloody child. This apparition gives Macbeth the following encouragement:

Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn
The power of man, for none of woman born
Shall harm Macbeth.

In Act V, Macbeth repeatedly brags (Scc. vii, viii) that he has nothing to fear from any man of woman born, as if he had nothing to fear of any man. When he says this to Macduff, he replies thus:

Despair thy charm;
And let the angel whom thou still hast served
Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb
Untimely ripp'd.

The word birth was borrowed by Old English from some other Germanic language, but it is cognate with the verb bear, which goes back to Proto-Indo-European. It is not certain which came first: the sense of `carry' or the sense of `bring forth fruit or offspring.' In a definition of nulliparous, ``bearing children'' would normally be meant in the second sense.

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Nullius in Verba
Latin for ``Don' gimme no lip.'' Assigned by King Charles II to the Royal Society when he chartered it in 1660. If the present ``heir apparent'' prince of Wales becomes king of England, he'll be Charles III.

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Num.
Latin, Numerius. A praenomen, typically abbreviated when writing the full tria nomina.

NUM
Network Utility Maximization.

NUMA
Non-Uniform Memory Architecture. Erecting a stele while wearing Bermuda shorts.

NUMC
Nassau University Medical Center. Based in East Meadow, Long Island.

nun buoy
A buoy with a conical top. I wouldn't have guessed that. I probably would have guessed what you guessed. (It was named after a children's toy that it resembled.) Nun buoys are used to mark the starboard side of a channel moving away from the sea. ``Away from the sea'' here means either approaching a harbor, or generally moving upstream along a channel. In both cases you are presumably moving toward some kind of harbor, but I suppose there might be some confusion if a river channel connected two not-too-distant harbors. Consult an expert.

Nun buoys are often made by joining two metal cones in a bicone, so they have conical bottoms as well as tops. In US and Canadian waters they're usually painted red, and in UK waters they're usually painted green, so try to remember where you are. Maybe this has something to do with which side you drive on when you disembark.

Nuntii Latini
Latin for `Latin News.'

The best-known Latin news service, that of the Finnish Broadcasting Company (YLE), is a weekly news review entitled Nuntii Latini.

On the web, there's a weekly page of current news in Latin called Ephemeris.

Radio Bremen has a monthly (except July) news review in Latin, as text and audio, archived back to October 2001. There are some associated Hilfe, like glosses for unusual or nonclassical words, a German translation, and a discussion forum. (They also have daily news in Plattdeutsch, text and audio. Daily Turkish text also, but that's nothing unusual.)

NUR, Nur
National University of Rwanda.

NURBS
Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline. B-splines with non-uniform weighting. The points where such weights are defined are called ``knots.''

NURO
National Undergraduate Research Observatory.

NUS
National University of Singapore.

NUSJ
National Union for Social Justice. An organization launched by Father Charles Couglin to challenge FDR's New Deal, after Coughlin (1891-1979) decided that it wasn't ``Christ's Deal'' after all.

NUT
National Union of Teachers. (For teachers in England and Wales.) Main offices at Hamilton House, Mabeldon Place, London, WC1H 9BD.

I don't think there's much I could add to increase the entertainment value of this entry. Cf. NAHT.

nutroots
Pejorative variant of netroots. A metathesis, in fact.

Did you know that peanuts are also known as groundnuts? They grow underground, but they're not roots.

NUTS
Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques. French for `NomenclatUre of Territorial units for Statistics.'

I'm reminded of a scene in one of the old movies about the Battle of the Bulge. ``Nuts!'' was the famous reply of Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe to a German ultimatum demanding surrender, and there is a nice bit of puzzlement when this is literally translated for the German commanders as ``Nüsse.'' (The movie, I can't seem to dig out which one, obviously fills in some unknown detail and adjusts some known detail. It seems quite certain that ``Nuts!'' was the text of the reply sent, and various first-person accounts gave that as the word he used, but in an interview in 1954, McAuliffe said that the word he uttered was shit. A Wikipedia entry for the Battle of Bastogne claims that ``the German translator interpreted the reply as `Go to hell!' '' This isn't much help, since the expression ``geh' zur Hölle'' wasn't used in German; it seems to have been borrowed since then. Provisional clarification, according to a New York Sun editorial: ``When asked what it meant, Col. James Harper replied, `In plain English it means go to hell.' '')

The NUTS is somewhat unsystematically systematic. The basic problem is that it's basically pretty functional, so it will need to be rationalized and improved at some point.

It's an EU thing. Vinny Burgoo explained why in an alt.usage.english posting: ``It would be no exaggeration to say that without NUTS there could be no European Union as we know it. You will find NUTS...''

NUTS
Norwegian University of Technology and Science, or if you don't believe that page, Newark (NJ) University of Technology and Science, which definitely is nonexistent, but which is circumstantially described in great detail here. (The second footnote is an old URL; the cited document can now be found here.)

NUWC
(US) Naval Undersea Warfare Center.

If you're not specifically interested in waging undersea warfare (USW) or contracting to have a flipper in it, then you might be more interested in the Naval Undersea Warfare Center Newport Weather Server.

nux
Latin for `nut.'

N.V., NV
Naamloze Vennootschap. Dutch, `anonymous [commercial] association.' Cf. S.A.

NV
Nevada. USPS abbreviation.

The Villanova University Law School provides some links to state government web sites for Nevada. USACityLink.com has a page with a few city and town links for the state. There's a State of Nevada Home Page, but it is probably too informative to meet the exacting standards usacity.com applies before it will list it.

Nevada is a community property state.

NV
Non-Volatile. Chemicals and electronic memory that don't evaporate too readily. In the case of memory, that specifically means that data persists when external power is turned off.

nv
NeW. A French chatese abbreviation. Very clever! Since w is called ``double vee'' in French, they even abbreviate the letter! (NeVv.) Saves time!

(jk)

[column]

NVA
Nominative, Vocative, {and|or} Accusative. In Ancient Greek, the dual form of a noun depends on gender and declension (class of noun), and whether the case is NVA or GD.

NVA
North Vietnamese Army.

NVCJD
New Variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD). Found in at least ten English cases, suggesting that the eating of BSE-infected beef could cause CJD. However, the only guess at a cause of these diseases is prions, and prions are concentrated in the eyes and central nervous system (CNS, so the connection to meat or milk is problematical.

It's been a few years now, and it's not so new any more. I guess that's why now I more often see it called vCJD (q.v.).

NVC
Norman Virus Control. Norman, not Norton.

NVIDIA, nVIDIA
A software company. (A software ``solutions'' company as they say now.) I really only put in this entry to mention that in Spanish, envidia is the noun `envy' (and the third-person singular conjugation, `envies,' of the corresponding verb). Note, of course, that the letter dee in Spanish represents a sound like that of tee-aitch in the English word these. The Spanish word, like the English cognate, comes from the Latin word invidia. For more on envy-related cognates, see the last paragraph of the miga entry.

NVLAP
National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program. Run by NIST. Their literature uses words like accreditation in ways that challenge the English language. E.g., NVLAP operates its accreditation programs in conformance with ISO/IEC guide 58:1993, Calibration and Testing Laboratory Accreditation Systems -- General Requirements for Operation Recognition. It's more of the ISO-9000 disease.

NVM
Non-Volatile Memory.

NVMA
Nebraska Veterinary Medical Association. See also AVMA.

NVMA
Nevada Veterinary Medical Association. The website appears to be quite dead. Check at the AVMA's page for ``State Legislative Resources'' for Nevada to see if there's a new URL.

NVP
NeViraPine. An NNRTI used in the treatment of AIDS.

NVQ
National Vocational Qualifications. Something introduced in the UK in the early nineties or thereabouts. The idea seems to be that you get certified at different levels for general skills (like ``research technique'' say) that, though gained in one particular line of work, are supposed to be transferable elsewhere. The stated intention was to counter increasing educational specialization. Right. In Scotland it's SVQ.

NVRA
(US) National Voter Registration Act of 1993.

NVRAM, NV RAM
Non-Volatile Random-Access Memory (RAM).

NVROM, NV RoM
Non-Volatile Read-Only Memory (ROM). Actually, all ROM is nonvolatile to some extent.

NVSIMM
Non-Volatile Single Inline Memory Module (SIMM). Since the SIMM's are usually SRAM or DRAM, the nonvolatility is achieved by equiping each SIMM with a battery. This protects against short-term power outages. When multiple NVSIMM's are used, it's advised to couple the batteries in parallel, to buffer against failure of any particular battery. Of course, if one battery dies by shorting out ...

NVTOC
Non-Volatile Total Organic Carbon. Really, this is Total Non-volatile organic carbon, but the TOC acronym is so familiar that it became atomic and productive.

NVVMA
Northern Virginia Veterinary Medical Association. See also AVMA and this VVMA.

NW
Narrow Well. Vide coupled quantum wells.

NW
Vide compass directions.

Northwest.com is a tourism site for Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. Northwest Airlines (see NWA) is at <www.nwa.com>.

NW
Postal code for North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen in German), one of the sixteen states (Länder) of the German Federal Republic (FRG). [Like most of the country information in this glossary, Germany's is at the domain code .de.]

The state's area is 47,611 sq. km. Its population was 7,162,000 by the census of 1987, estimated at 7,832,000 for 1997. The capital is Düsseldorf.

NWA
National Wrestling Alliance. The great grand-daddy of professional wrestling entertainment, founded in 1948 and now operating internationally. It seems that most of its competitors arose by secession from it.

NWA
NorthWest Airlines. Northwest emerged from bankruptcy at the end of May 2007. Of the major carriers that filed for bankruptcy in the wake of 9/11, it was the last to emerge. I see they have a logo which has a circle with a little red triangle pointing down, to indicate that their net worth is zero (big circle standing for O), that they're operating in the red, and that they're going down. That's not it? Okay, here's an alternate interpretation: the circle represents a compass, and the triangle in its upper left is pointing to the northwest. That's incorrect, of course: the equilateral triangle is pointing either down or in a direction that is 60 degrees west (or east) of north. If they wanted to indicate NW, they should have used an isoceles triangle that pointed in the proper direction. The down-arrow interpretation is so obvious that they must have come up with the logo completely ``in-house.''

It must not require any brains to get out of bankruptcy. How can we have any ``creative destruction'' if Northwest is allowed to continue flying and dragging the industry down to a ground-effect level? Oh, here's something: during the last ten days of June 2007, Northwest canceled 1000 flights due to crew shortages. Anyway, this at least does not immediately drag down the rest of the industry. In fact, United reported a gratifying (to them, anyway) boost in expensive last-minute bookings during June.

You'd suppose lacking crews for 1000 flights is something NWA could have foreseen, but it reflected a new situation. Travel volumes are higher than average during the Summer, and airlines rely on pilots' volunteering to fly extra hours in order to make up the staffing shortage. In a new labor contract negotiated when NWA was in Chapter 11, however, pilots' maximum flight time increased to 90 hours a month, up from 80. I haven't got all the details straight, but apparently the airline can't simply schedule the pilots for hours in excess of the monthly 80 -- pilots have some right of refusal. The extra hours are also apparently compensated at the regular rate, rather than an overtime rate. During June, the airline scheduled pilots for between 88 and 90 hours (no, I don't know what that means in detail). The upshot is that pilots quietly rebelled. The airline has since been making both short- and long-term adjustments. The principal short-term adjustment has been to reduce scheduled August flights by 4%. At the end of July, NWA had to cancel flights again.

To get back to the logo: it takes various forms. There's a close-up form suitable for small icons, showing only the upper-left quadrant of the circle and the downward-pointing red arrow, and there's a full form which has the NWA initialism in lower case extending from the middle of the circle to outside right.

NWA is the stock ticker symbol for the company, but they could use something else as the short written form of their name, or they could change their name. Some people think that the coincidence of their name with that of the defunct rap group N.W.A. is unfortunate, but its fans and former members don't seem to be bothered. Googling shows why: even today (June 29, 2007) a search on rap and NWA yields 1,250,000 ghits, while air and NWA yields 1,140,000 ghits, even though N.W.A. stopped recording as a group ten years before the airline first entered bankruptcy. Quite obviously, N.W.A. was simply too prominent for the airline to have had any impact on its brand.

NWA continues to partner with KLM, and I continue to be unafraid to write single-sentence paragraphs.

NWBA
National Wheelchair Basketball Association.

NWbN, NWbW
Vide compass directions.

NWC
(US) National War College.

NWDA
National Wholesale Druggists' Association. Wow, an apostrophe!

n-well
A region of n-doped silicon for the fabrication of a p-channel MOSFET.

[Image: n-doping LCAO-like picture]

N-type doping by phosphorus is illustrated above by a simple microscopic schematic, with a kind of LCAO implicit.

NWLB
National War Labor Board. An institution of the US government created to maintain labor peace ``for the duration,'' as they used to say (the duration of WWII) . The NLRB was already in existence when the NWLB was created. See also OWM.

NWO
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek. `Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research.'

NWO
No World Order, an entertainment product from Todd Rundgren.

NWPC
National Women's Political Caucus. If this does not compute, then perhaps you misheard MWPC.

NWPCA
National Wooden Pallet and Container Association. ``[A]n international trade association representing the interests of manufacturers, [repairers and] recyclers and distributors [and wholesalers] of pallets, containers and reels.''

NWR
National Women's Register. ``NWR is an international organisation of women's discussion groups. Each group aims to provide its members with the opportunity to take part in stimulating discussions on a wide range of topics of a non-domestic nature, both serious and lighthearted.''

When an organization with ``National'' in its name decides to become aggressively ``international,'' it typically changes its name, or forgets the expansion of its acronym or something. It's easy to guess why the National Women's Register didn't do this: name-change fatigue. (Well, I didn't say it was easy to guess correctly!)

It all began with a letter to the editor of the (then Manchester) Guardian by Maureen Nicol (in response to some article or other by Betty Jerman). (Yes, definitely the other.) She wrote:

Perhaps housebound wives with liberal interests and a desire to remain individuals could form a national register so that whenever one moves one can contact like-minded friends?

That was in February 1960, about three centuries ago in sociologists' years. Nicol was instantly inundated with registrants, eager to put the years of Eisenhower complacency and conformist domesticity behind them. (Except they weren't aware of it, since this was England and Eisenhower was president in the US.) Nicol founded the Liberal-minded Housebound Wives' Register, soon changing the name to a more wieldy the Housebound Wives' Register. It sounds like the quarantine list for contagious uxorial paraplegia (CUPS). In 1966 it became the National Housewives' Register (NHR). In 1987 it became National Women's Register, and most of the office furniture was instantly filled with high-bond ``scrap paper'' -- three different kinds of obsolete letterhead paper to write on the back of. In 1995, Maureen Nicol was awarded the OBE (or was it an OBE?) in Queen's Birthday honors, for her services to women (viz.: founding what became NWR).

NWR
NOAA Weather Radio.

NWRA
National (US) Water Resources Association.

NWS
National (US) Weather Service. Part of the NOAA.

NWTRNA
Northwest Territories Registered Nurses Association. ``To promote and ensure competent nursing practice for the people of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.''

NWU
National Writers Union.

A union for freelance writers working in US markets.

NW3C
National (US) White Collar Crime Center.

NW4C
National White Collar Crime Centre of Canada. Incorporated as a ``private not-for-profit organization'' -- how appropriate!

NXOR
Not XOR. The logic function (or gate) whose value (or output) is the negation (inversion) of the XOR of its arguments (inputs). The more common and more pronounceable name is XNOR.

N.Y., NY
New York. USPS abbreviation uses no periods.

The Villanova University Law School provides some links to state government web sites for New York. USACityLink.com has a page with mostly city and town links for the state.

New York is called ``Nueva York'' in Spanish and ``Nova Iorque'' in Portuguese. For too much on a geographically adjacent subject, see the comments on Nueva Jersey at the NJ entry. The female gender assigned to York by the Iberian languages is slightly puzzling (just a little bit). The English name is derived from the Latin Eboracum. This neuter name and its direct etymons would normally be assigned male gender in western Romance languages, but the connection is evidently too tenuous. Conceivably, the female gender was assigned to avoid the o-i-o sound of ``Neuvo York.'' Possibly it just fell out that way essentially at random, and usage confirmed it.

[column] New York State was settled primarily by classical scholars. As a result, we have towns named after Cato, Cicero, Ovid. We have a Native American tribe that call themselves the Seneca, and we have the towns of Rome (with a military base), Syracuse, and Ithaca. This is off the top of my head, I'll add stuff ad libitum. Okay, actually, a lot of the naming was done by one or two Columbia College professors shortly after the Revolutionary War (which changed the name of King's College to Columbia; see King's entry for a bit more on that).

NYA
National Youth Administration. A New Deal agency for the youthful unemployed.

NYAM
New York Academy of Medicine. ``Founded in 1847, The New York Academy of Medicine is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit institution whose mission is to enhance the health of the public.''

NYASA
New York African Studies Association. Here's a link for the 1998 meeting.

nybble
Half a byte: 4 bits; a hexadecimal digit. There's also a special significance to 2 bits.

Strictly speaking, it's half an octet, but as its name and basic arithmetic suggest, it's not very meaningful in systems that don't use a byte equal to an octet.

NYC
New York City.

Home town of Norman Rockwell (1894-1978), a painter of charmingly folksy pastoral reminiscences and a man authorities now suspect of having been an artist (the allegations are false). Rockwell, a high school drop-out at fifteen, attended the National Academy of Design and later the Art Students League, both in NYC. At age twenty-one he moved to New Rochelle, later moving to Vermont and finally settling in Stockbridge, Massachusetts.

In Spanish, New York (usually the city) is called Nueva York. Cf. NJ.

[column]

NYCC
New York (City) Classical Club. ``Classical'' as in classical antiquity and classical languages.

NYCDOT
New York City Department Of Transportation. Arranges contracts with the private operators of some bus routes. Cf. NYCT.

NYCLU
New York Civil Liberties Union. On-line offices in NYC and in Albany, the state capital.

NYCRC
New York Civil Rights Coalition.

NYCT
New York City Transit. Operates the former IRT, BMT , and IND subways as well as some city buses. Part of the MTA. Formerly NYCTA. See also NYCDOT.

NYCTA
New York City Transit Authority. Now NYCT.

nyet
Russian, `no.'

nyet profit
Jocular version of ``net profit.'' Used in the movie industry to reflect some creative accounting. A bitter joke among scriptwriters who made the mistake of signing a contract that included a percentage of net profits. Always try to get a percentage ``off the top'' (a percentage of the gross profit, whatever that means). Technically, the classic original movie ``Gone With The Wind'' has not yet (2005) turned a net profit.

I suspect the ``creative'' accounting involved is common in the, uh, entertainment-product industry. In book publishing, for example, cost computations include a share of overhead that individual authors of less popular titles (i.e., authors of most books) often regard as unfair. Advertising costs are a particular source of resentment, since much of the assessed expenditure is for the pay and expenses of house reps. These costs are nominally similar for all books, but the advertising that gets noticed -- the print advertisements in general-circulation magazines and newspapers -- is feast or famine (for the authorial stars and mice, respectively).

NYFA
New York Film Academy.

NYG
New York Giants. A National League baseball team that used to play at the Polo Grounds but moved somewhere out west a few years ago. Now the New York Mets (NYM) are the NYC National League franchise.

[Football icon] There is also a New York Giants football franchise. If I happen to see that abbreviated NYG, and if I ever decide to put the bitter memory of the 1990 SB behind me, in this or some future lifetime, then maybe they'll get their own entry here.

NYIIX
New York International Internet eXchange.

NYJM
The New York Journal of Mathematics.

NYKHAKI
NY khaki. Did a double-take when I saw Lerner advertising this. Then I walked past Northern Reflections, where a big sign urged me to TRY ON A PAIR OF WOMEN'S PANTS. I didn't know unisex was back in fashion. Is my butt really so obvious?

There's more -- the sign continued YOU'LL LOVE THEM SO MUCH WE'LL TAKE $5 OFF. I guess if I don't like them they'll charge me extra. That sounds like socially responsible merchandising, of a form that makes obvious why social responsibility is incompatible with a classical free market in the long run.

NYLJ
New York Law Journal.

nylon
Polyamide (PA) plastic. See PA entry.

NYM
New York Mets. An expansion franchise in the National League that replaced the Giants (NYG) in the largest media market of the US.

NYN
National Youth Network. ``[F]ounded and managed by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention... consists of diverse youth leaders from across the [n]ation who are sponsored by youth[-]serving organizations. The goal of the Network is to recognize and build upon the power and importance of youth leadership by uniting young people and adults, through communication and action, to enable youth organizations and nonaffiliated youth to have a positive, formidable impact in our communities and throughout our [n]ation.''

Wouldn't it be a lot more effective if they were all forced to join the Stammtisch Beau Fleuve, which is already dedicated to communication and action [research] and lunch?

NY-NATAS
New York chapter of the National Television Academy (NATAS).

NYOUG
New York Oracle Users Group, Inc.

NYPD
New York Police Department.

NYPL
The New York Public Library. A great public institution, and an acronym that is in itself alone enough to make you want to use it.

NYPS
New York Paleontological Society. ``[F]ounded in 1970 ... established to promote the dissemination of knowledge in paleontology and related fields.'' Why do these paleontological societies always have a sideline?

NYR, NYRB
New York Review of Books. Another proof of the benefits of unionism: It was created when a newspaper strike in New York City left desperate citizens bereft of the informed wisdom that they normally derived from the New York Times Book Review (NYTBR). (This used to be less of a joke; there was a time when even the Book Review section was relatively insulated from the late great Gray Lady's political bias.)

NYS
New York (NY) State.

NYSDOL
New York State Department Of Labor.

NYSE
New York Stock Exchange. The largest ``organized'' stock exchange (but see NASDAQ) in the world. For a long time, they had no homepage and had to rely on the charity of the OSU B School. Now they've finally got one, and they've mounted a campaign to convince investors/suckers that they are not mired in the BC era.

NYSHESC
New York State Higher Education Service C(ouncil?).

NYSIS
New York State Institute on Superconductivity. (At UB.)

NYSP
National Youth Sports Program. Summer day-camp on a nearby college campus, like Notre Dame (I mean, if Notre Dame University is local). I too have realized an advantage from this program. Specifically, I have realized that children are LOUD!

NYSSA
New York State Student Assembly.

NYSSTF
New York State Science and Technology Foundation.

NYST
New York State Thruway. Not a single road but a 641-mile system of toll roads. The NYST doesn't seem to be very concerned about precision in naming the parts of this system, or the whole. ``Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway'' seems to be an official name. That name had already lost some of its luster by the end of 1948, when the governor lost the US presidential election in an upset victory by Harry Truman. The first section of the NYST, a 115-mile stretch from Lowell to Rochester, opened on June 24, 1954. The largest part of the NYST, whatever it's called, is I-90: from the Pennsylvania line at Ripley, through Buffalo to Albany, around to the Berkshire Spur and on to the Massachusetts Turnpike (see I-90 entry for Albany-area map).

NYSTE
New York State Teacher Certification Exam[ination]s. They ``are criterion-referenced, objective-based tests designed to measure a candidate's knowledge and skills in relation to an established standard rather than in relation to the performance of other candidates. The explicit purpose of these tests is to help identify for certification those candidates who have demonstrated the appropriate level of knowledge and skills that are important for performing the responsibilities of an educator in New York State public schools.''

NYSVMA
New York State Veterinary Medical Society. Hoo hah! All the others are veterinary medical associations, like that national: AVMA.

NYT
New York Times. In response to the paper rationing of WWII, other New York papers (at least a dozen in those golden days of newspaper history) cut back on news coverage to save paper for ads; NYT cut back ad space for column inches of news.

The New York Times has a website, but its registration procedure is asinine and intrusive, if it works at all. I wrote a letter complaining that they didn't need the personal information they were asking for, and got a reply back that was either insulting because it was stupid, or insulting because the writer thought I was stupid. Try The Drudge Report first. Hmmm. I checked back since the WTC atrocity, and they've stopped patting down visitors. Either that, or I have a cookie that reminds them of whichever imaginary demographic I told their registration form I belong to. I remember at one time they wouldn't even accept registrations from Canada. They must have had a surprising number of registrations from zip code 90210.

In 1998, the New York Times celebrated the twentieth anniversary of its (Tuesday) Science Times feature. At least its articles are not guaranteed to contain a serious blunder, like the technology articles in the Chronicle of Higher Education (CHE).

NYTBR
New York Times Book Review. You can actually buy this separately, and not have to throw away the rest of the Sunday Times. Not to be confused with the NYR.

NYTimes
New York Times (NYT).

NYU
New York University. Its main campus is at Washington Square in Greenwich Village, in New York City. Like the University of Pennsylvania, it's a private school with a name like a state school.

The Princeton Review conducts an annual survey of college applicants and parents of college applicants. In addition to various MC questions, there is a single fill-in-the-blank question: ``What `dream college' would you most like to attend (or see your child attend) were prospects of acceptance or cost not issues?'' (They must have put a lot of thought into the wording of this question, in order to recognize that prospect of acceptance is an issue that might affect which school one might dream of attending. I haven't figured it out yet myself. For a price, the Princeton Review will prepare you to understand these and simpler conundra, so you can ace your standardized tests and go to NYU. Give'em credit for the question's contrary-to-fact subjunctive, anyway.)

In 2006, NYU came out as the first choice of the applicants. This surprised me. Look at the list of the top ten and identify the one that clearly doesn't belong.

  1. NYU
  2. Harvard
  3. Princeton
  4. Stanford
  5. Yale
  6. Brown
  7. Columbia
  8. Duke
  9. Cornell
  10. UCLA

That's right: UCLA is the only public institution listed. (BTW, NYU didn't make the top-10 list of parents' dream schools for their children.)

What can explain the popularity of NYU, besides the location? It must be fashion, a fad. Were The Olsen Twins really so influential? Hard to say: their admission (to NYU's Gallatin School of Individualized Study) was announced in December 2003, and PR ran its first poll of this series in 2003-2004. (NYU was first choice for students every year until I stopped updating this datum: 2004, 2005, and 2006.) BTW, Mary-Kate dropped out early in the fall 2005 semester, after high-school drop-out (and proud GED-holder) Paris Hilton stole her BF Stavros Niarchos III. Okay, publicist version: she took an ``approved leave of absence ... to focus on her increasing responsibilities as co-president of Dualstar Entertainment Group and to pursue personal interests'' while Ashley stayed in school.

Just to bring the story up to date: In Los Angeles Superior Court in February 2006, promoter and party planner Brian Quintana won a restraining order against Paris. Quintana said he was the one who introduced her to Stavros. She has accused Quintana of trying to get Stavros to go back to his former GF Mary-Kate. Quintana testified that Paris had shoved him three times, but who's counting? This is one of the benefits of feminism: now men are allowed to complain in court if attractive women make uninvited body contact with them. I'll have to remember that; you never know what might come in handy. I suppose this was relevant to the case, since he also accused her of bombarding him with phone calls threatening his life. She must have threatened to come over and bash his head in with her cell phone. Who knew she had delusions of Naomi-eur? He says he lost clients after they received phone calls from Hilton warning them not to do business with him, but the court apparently did not express skepticism that there are people who take advice from Paris Hilton. She also called him a ``lazy Mexican.'' This was admitted into evidence? The restraining order, to be in effect for three years, required that Hilton remain 100 yards away from Quintana generally, and 25 yards if they're at the same party. [I should have had them to a party at my house. While he was in the middle of the LR, she'd be confined to my BR.] I'm sure she was also required to carry a tape measure at all times.

Early the next month, Paris and Stavros showed they were still into each other by making out at a party Elton John threw. Gosh, it seems to me that such blatant displays of heterosexuality are in poor taste unless I get in on the action. Anyway, I don't have any more detailed information on just what sort of outing they made. The kinds of newspapers I read always leave out the important stuff, and I, uh, didn't make it to that party. Later that evening, at the Soho House party thrown by top talent handlers (``talent handlers''?) Patrick Whitesell (hmmm), Rick Yorn, and Michael De Luca, things took an ominous turn. Mary-Kate was there, and Stavros dared to speak to her. Miss Olsen was with Hilton's ex-BFF and ``Simple Life'' co-star Nicole Richie, as well as Hilton's new enemy Mischa Barton, who was with on-again BF Cisco Adler, who, uh, you need to read the BFF entry. You can imagine how it must have seemed like a spinning axis of evil to poor Paris. With sister Nicky covering her back, Paris stormed out of the party raining tears. According to a spy quoted in the New York Daily News, Stavros was last seen trying to reach her on his cell. April was a quiet month, but in May the break-up became official. You can't tell Paris Hilton's Greek-shipping-heir boyfriends without a scorecard.

Okay, let's get back to NYU, since that's what this entry is all about. Supermodel Christy Turlington graduated (some reports had her cum laude -- they allowed that in public!?!!?) from NYU in 1999 with a degree in Liberal Arts. (Her studies reportedly included art history, literature, and philosophy.) At the same ceremony, music legend Quincy Jones and departing Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin received honorary degrees. Turlington's stay at NYU was relatively low-key: though she began in fall 1995, the news didn't make major papers until March 1996. It was noticed on campus, however; the registrar's office reported (1997) that it was besieged by male students eager to sign up for any course she was taking. Too bad if she didn't take Organic Chemistry. Melissa Joan Hart, star of the TV show ``Sabrina, the Teenage Witch,'' apparently entered the then ``semi-experimental'' Gallatin School program in 1996, the first year of her show's run (1996-2002). In fall 1997, supermodel and actress (``In & Out'') Amber Valletta started as a freshman majoring in environmental politics. There will be no ``model student'' joke in this entry.

Okay, I think we have enough to establish a pattern here -- even a plot: ``Felicity,'' a TV series that premiered on the WB Network in fall 1998, starred Keri Russell as a high-school graduate who impulsively follows her crush (Scott Speedman) to UNY (a fictitious ``University of New York''). It was originally supposed to be NYU, but the school refused to have its name associated with the series.

This diffidence doesn't seem to be institutional, however. The NYU-affiliated Hospital for Joint Disease reportedly offered unspecified ``big money'' to entice the Mets professional baseball team to bring its injuries to them, but the Mets switched back to the Hospital for Special Surgery in 2005.

Iirc, Woody Allen referenced NYU in his movie ``Everything You Wanted To Know About Sex But Were Afraid to Ask.'' He must have had the good sense not to seek permission.

Martin Scorcese (it only just occurred to me that the second c should be pronounced like ``ch'' in English) was a professor at NYU's film school in the 1960's, ``before anyone knew that he was going to be great. He was like a little Il Duce; he would wave his arms around and wax poetic about films. But even though it was wonderful to have this exciting guy as a teacher, I [Dave Hart] was bored stiff because it took so long to make a film happen. I was young and impetuous, excited about life.'' (This is quoted from p. 170 of the book mentioned at the AFP entry.)

I infer from these things that when you're unknown and gifted, you should teach at NYU. Later, when you're young and famous, you should enroll as a student.

NYU-Poly
I don't know if NYU-Poly has an expansion, properly speaking, but since it's liable to change its name at any moment, I won't bother to try to find out. It may be that the answer lies here: ``The New York Board of Regents approved the affiliation of Polytechnic and New York University on July 1, 2008, creating Polytechnic Institute of NYU.''

``NYU'' stands for New York University, clearly. ``Poly'' evidently stands for POLYnomial, on account of the various forms its name has taken. As of early 2013, affiliation is giving way to ``merger.'' Equally fascinating factoidal objects can be found at the Brooklyn Poly entry.

nyuzu
Japanese: `news.'

NYWEA
New York Water Environment Association, Inc.

NYY
New York Yankees. An American League team. Earlier known as the Highlanders, which is not entirely inappropriate for a team based in the Bronx.

.nz
(Domain name extension for) New Zealand. Also not known as ``Aotearoa.'' Simulation laboratory for radical economic theories. Results may be reliably extrapolated to larger countries whose populations consist mostly of sheep.

When Ernest Rutherford, at home in New Zealand, received news of his appointment to a research position at Cambridge, he told his mother ``that's the last potato I pick!''

The common slang gentilicial form is Kiwi, explained at the apteryx entry.

NZ
New Zealand. Look! Just above this entry! That's right: <.nz>.

NZALA
New Zealand Association of Literary Agents. See AAR.

NZCBA, N.Z.C.B.A.
New Zealand Contract Bridge Association. The second-largest of the four NBO's comprising the South Pacific Bridge Federation (SPBF -- Zone 7 of the WBF).

NZCF
New Zealand Chess Federation. It seems like these kiwis do nothing but sit around and play games all day. No wonder they're flightless bipeds.

NZIER
New Zealand Institute of Economic Research. The homepage describes it as ``a privately funded, independent economic consulting and forecasting organisation specialising in applied economic research and analysis.''

NZPA
New Zealand Press Association.

NZZ
Neue Zürcher Zeitung. German: `New Journal of Zurich' (Switzerland).

n4a, N4A
National Association of Agencies on Aging. It's ``the umbrella organization for the 655 area agencies on aging (AAAs) and more than 230 Title VI Native American aging programs in the U.S. [This quote was harvested in January 2005. I imagine those numbers change over time.] Through its presence in Washington, D.C., N4A advocates on behalf of the local aging agencies to ensure that needed resources and support services are available to older Americans. The fundamental mission of the AAAs and Title VI programs is to provide services which make it possible for older individuals to remain in their home, thereby preserving their independence and dignity.''

N-9
Nonoxynol-9.

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